Television History - The First 75 Years
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1957 French "Teleavia"

One of the most unusual designs to hit the television marketplace in 1957 was the "Teleavia", from France, with a large 17" or 21" swivel picture tube.  The black & white picture tube also had a tilt adjustment.

Contact for Teleavia Schematics

1957 Teleavia - French   (10K bytes)(10K)
Courtesy Dunedin Collection, Scotland


1957 "Teleavia" - France   (12K bytes) (12K)
Courtesy Early Technology Collection, Scotland (All remaining images this page)

1958 - July "Practical Television" (UK)     (70K bytes) (70K)
July 1958 issue of "Practical Television", showing the "Teleavia" on the front cover

1957 French "Teleavia" Chassis  (50K bytes) (50K)
Rear chassis cover removed, showing component layout.

1957 French "Teleavia" ID Label  (16K bytes) (16K)
Identification label - which reveals that the Model number is "P.111", dual voltage 110-240v, 50 cycle AC, 150 watts.

1957 French "Teleavia" - Tube Chart  (56K bytes) (56K)
Tube layout chart    

1957 French "Teleavia" - Channel Selector  (20K bytes) (20K)
Channel selector - unusual (for Americans) is channel "8A" and channel "R".

Explanation of Channel "8A" and "R", courtesy of Hervé Benoit, of Paris France:

Channel 8A was the channel used by the 819 line TV transmitter in Paris-Tour Eiffel.  This was the first 819 lines TV transmitter, started in 1949 before the VHF channeling system was defined.  The channels were defined only one or two years later, and of course the Paris transmitter was not exactly on the position of one of these new channels: it had an offset of around 1 MHz to channel 8, therefore it was named "8A".

The channels of the 819 lines system (known as CCIR system E) were 14 MHz wide, with a difference of 11.15 MHz between sound and vision carriers. Video modulation was positive and sound was AM.

In order to have 12 channels in the VHF range (band I from 41 to 68 MHz + band III from 162 to 220 MHz) despite this very big channel width, odd channels had the sound carrier above the picture carriers and even channels below the picture carrier.

So there was always an odd channel within the same spectrum of an even channel, but with an offset of around 1MHz.

This, combined with the use of horizontal and vertical polarisation, allowed the placement of more transmitters.

Regarding the explanation for "R", it probably meant "reserve".  This would have been a provision in view of adding an UHF tuner, which in the early days of UHF was done by means of a special "barette" (bar) inside the tuner (when the second national TV program was started).

French 819 line channels  
(E standard 1949-1980)  
Channel picture (MHz) sound (MHz)
F2 52.40 41.25
F4 65.55 54.40
F5 164.00 175.15
F6 173.40 162.25
F7 177.15 188.30
F8 186.55 175.40
F8A (1) 185.25 174.10
F9 190.30 201.45
F10 199.70 188.55
F11 203.45 214.60
F12 212.85 201.70
(1) channel only used in Paris and Lille France  



To be noted that there is no channel 1 nor channel 3, which originally were defined (reversed channels 2 and 4 respectively).

The reason why they were not used is that the local oscillator frequency would have fallen inside the IF spectrum of the IF values then used (vision IF = 28,05 MHz, sound IF = 39,20 MHz).  If the IF values had been chosen the other way around, then the same thing would have happened to channels 2 and 4

1957 French "Teleavia" - CRT Adjuster  (32K bytes) (32K)
Close-up of CRT (picture tube) tilt adjuster.

1957 French "Teleavia" and Merrell Bennett-Levy  (32K bytes) (32K)
Merrell Bennett-Levy stands next to the "Teleavia" to provide an idea of the size of the set.  I must mention it was extremely windy when we took this photo, and she has my thanks and appreciation for her kind assistance that day.    :-)


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